HTML, CSS and JavaScript – The Arsenal of a Good Web Designer

Are you an aspiring web designer? Do you want to create beautiful websites, a masterpiece of codes? Are you pressured by your boss to learn web design? Or you’re just curious about websites and the way they’re made? If you answered yes to any of those questions, then you’ve come to the right place! There are basically three things you need to learn in order for you to become a good web designer. They are HTML, CSS and JavaScript.


Short for Hypertext Markup Language, this is the backbone or the foundation of a website. You can also call them as the building blocks of a website. Imagine a building being constructed. At first, construction starts with the base and some framework. That’s what HTML is. It provides the foundation for the website to be built. This is typically the first thing that you want to learn if you want to pursue a web design career. It’s easy to learn, so don’t be afraid!


This one stands for cascading style sheets. If HTML is the laying foundation of web design, CSS is the actual designing language for the web. Learning CSS along with HTML is a popular way of getting acquainted with web design and when mastered, HTML and CSS alone can create powerful and interactive websites even without JavaScript, thanks to HTML5 and CSS3 specifications. HTML and CSS must coexist and they are created to separate presentation from layout.


Once you’re done mastering the basics of HTML and CSS, you can further improve your web design skills by delving deeper into the latest specifications that I mentioned earlier, the HTML5 and CSS3. They come with advanced features needed for a purely coded interactive websites. But, combining these two technologies to the final one below will yield to the best and maximum user experience that you can provide to your targeted audience.


This is a scripting language, and you need to become proficient with the basics of programming in order to put yourself into this. That’s why for your average web designer, learning HTML and CSS are fine. But if you’re a freelancer, you might want to expand your skillset and put JavaScript into your arsenal. Though this one is completely different from the two above it’s also aimed towards web development, hence it integrates seamlessly to the two technologies that we discussed earlier.

JavaScript can harness HTML and CSS codes and it can manipulate them to do almost anything you want. You can animate a text, automatically play a video once it is loaded, check for errors in website forms, and even manipulate a whole webpage so that it loads a different image or video depending upon your visitor’s location, age and preferences.


Though we don’t have any sample codes here, you are now able to understand how the web works and you learned about the topics, subjects and some terminologies that you need to learn in order to start web designing. Hopefully, this will help you start your step towards becoming a great web designer.

The Evolution of Web Design

In the early days of the internet, websites only uses static texts and hyperlinks. If you compare websites created about 15 years ago to websites built today, you might think that websites built before was created by starting or new web designers. But the opposite is true. In its early days, HTML is on its early roots while CSS is just a budding beauty. There’s really not much to see. In addition, JavaScript is also on its early start and it wasn’t widely used due to the many browser inconsistencies that web designers have to face. But that’s not true anymore today.

HTML and CSS became twin sisters, they are the foundation of websites and by making good use of their features, websites started to evolve aesthetically. But there’s still something that lacks and JavaScript filled that one. The latter, a scripting language, added functionality and interactivity to our favorite sites and made them livelier.

Therefore, being a web designer means that you have to learn HTML, CSS and JavaScript together. This combination made web design evolve further, making website look more beautiful than before. In addition, the integration of JavaScript made websites livelier and more responsive and we enjoyed enhance browsing experience.

Soon after that, new specifications and frameworks began to be developed. HTML5 and CSS3 began to get adopted by many web designers. JavaScript frameworks like jQuery also grew in popularity. This made a revolution in web design. More powerful, faster and beautiful websites began to emerge. Focus in user experience and navigation became a priority. Speed of websites and their usability began to be the center of development. Today, web design became a very broad topic, especially with the advent of mobile devices. Web designers need to consider designing not only for desktop users, but also for smart phone, tablet and even TV web surfers.

The term “responsive web design” and “adaptive web design” became very popular. That scenario is today, web designers need to consider a couple of things before finishing a project or saying “all done, it’s good to go”. New terms and designing techniques was introduced, including the use of media queries. This made web design more complicated than before. But it’s a lot of fun and enjoyment. In addition, it’s great when you have to figure things out on your own and you get to discover new things. Plus, you’ll be able to socialize with your fellow web designers too!

As days and time goes forward, we will see more and more changes in web design. It will continue to evolve to be able to meet modern needs and demands. We should expect this, because the internet has become the part of our daily lives, well, most of us if not all. And in addition to that, Google’s acquisition of Titan aerospace will allow the rest of the world to be connected to the internet.

It’s only a matter of time before we can have a 24/7 everywhere uninterrupted internet connection, and web design should catch up to that.